International Day of the Victims of Enforced Disappearances is observed annually on August 30. According to the United Nations’ Declaration on the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance, an enforced disappearance occurs when: “persons are arrested, detained or abducted against their will or otherwise deprived of their liberty by officials of different branches or levels of Government, or by organized groups or private individuals acting on behalf of, or with the support, direct or indirect, consent or acquiescence of the Government, followed by a refusal to disclose the fate or whereabouts of the persons concerned or a refusal to acknowledge the deprivation of their liberty, which places such persons outside the protection of the law.”
On December 21, 2010, the UN General Assembly welcomed the adoption of the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance, and declared August 30 the International Day of the Victims of Enforced Disappearances, which has been observed as such since 2011.
When a person is the victim of enforced disappearance, friends and families, the community and the country is affected.
What Human Rights Are Violated?
- The right to recognition as a person before the law;
- The right to liberty and security of the person;
- The right not to be subjected to torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment;
- The right to life, when the disappeared person is killed;
- The right to an identity;
- The right to a fair trial and to judicial guarantees;
- The right to an effective remedy, including reparation and compensation;
- The right to know the truth regarding the circumstances of a disappearance.
- The right to protection and assistance to the family;
- The right to an adequate standard of living;
- The right to health;
- The right to education.
Source: The United Nations