Type 1, Juvenile Or Childhood Diabetes
Usually diagnosed in children, teens or young adults. It occurs from the malfunction or destruction of the beta cells in the pancreas which results in the lack of, or depletion in the secretion of insulin. A person with Type 1 diabetes has to use insulin injections everyday to live.
Type 2 Or Adult-onset Diabetes
Occurs as a result of insulin resistance and impaired beta cell function with relative insulin deficiency. It usually occurs in adulthood, but due to the current trend of high obesity rates, teens and young adults are being diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes.
Develops during pregnancy between the 24th and 28th week when the body’s demand for insulin increases. Pre-diabetes is defined as impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glucose, otherwise called ‘borderline’ diabetes. Gestational diabetes can unleash a raft of complications throughout your pregnancy and during the immediate post-natal phase. Learn more.
Other specific types of diabetes may be as a result of specific conditions, such as medications, surgery, infections and pancreatic diseases. If you have pre-diabetes, do something about it now! This will tell you how.