- Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the top 10 causes of death worldwide.
- In 2015, 10.4 million people fell ill with TB and 1.8 million died from the disease (including 0.4 million among people with HIV). Over 95% of TB deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries.
- TB is a leading killer of HIV-positive people: in 2015, 35% of HIV deaths were due to TB.
- In 2015, the largest number of new TB cases occurred in Asia, with 61% of new cases, followed by Africa, with 26% of new cases.
- Over 20 per cent of TB cases worldwide are related to smoking.
- People who are infected with both HIV and TB are around 20-30 per cent more likely to develop active TB than those who do not have HIV.
- Between 2000 and 2015, an estimated 49 million lives were saved through TB diagnosis and treatment.
The Jamaican Situation
- Up to 2014, “the prevalence of the disease has been relatively steady at six per 100,000 since 1991. While up to 2011, there was a steady average of 114 cases per year, there has been a relative decline in 2012 and 2013, with 96 cases recorded for both years.” – Dr Tanya Foster, JIS News
- Jamaica detected and treated 190 TB cases between 2012 and 2013. This amounted to a case detection rate of 52 per cent annually.
- The Statistical Institute of Jamaica’s 2015 Demographic Survey reports seven deaths (one female, six males) from tuberculosis in the population five years and over (stats reflect the year 2014). For 2013, the figure was three (all males).
- The World Health Organisation reports 105 new cases of tuberculosis reported in the country in 2015.
- According the Economic and Social Survey of Jamaica 2015, the country received official development assistance funding to the tune of US$15.2 million from the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria.
- Jamaica has, as one of its long-term health goals, that by 2030, the nation aims to end the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and neglected tropical diseases and combat hepatitis, water-borne diseases and other communicable diseases.