Risk Factors and Symptoms of Diabetes

There is no known factor that causes diabetes, however there are certain factors that increase one’s risk of developing the disease:

Obesity

A body mass index (BMI) of 30 or over. The risk is increased when the fat is mostly in the upper body and abdomen. A waist that is equal to or greater than 35 and 40 for women and men respectively, is an indication of central obesity. Belly fat affects the action of insulin – called insulin resistance. This happens when cells in organs (such as the liver) and in muscle and fat, become less sensitive to the action of insulin.

Inactivity

This can lead to increased fat storage and obesity. Inactivity also reduces the transport of glucose to the cells to be used for fuel by reducing specific transporters which facilitates this passage. 

 

There are some factors that persons cannot control which can increase their risk for developing diabetes:

  • A family history of diabetes. If a parent or sibling in your family has diabetes, your risk of developing Type 2 diabetes increases.
  • Age over 45. The chance of getting Type 2 diabetes increases with age.
  • Race or ethnic background. The risk of Type 2 diabetes is greater in Hispanics, African-Americans, Native Americans, and Asians.

Obesity and Inactivity can be controlled through maintaining a proper diet and regular exercise. Don’t have the time for the gym or jogging here are Some easy-to-do exercises

SYMPTOMS

Some signs and symptoms of diabetes are:

  1. Passing a lot of urine (polyuria)
  2. Drinking a lot of water (polydipsia)
  3. Tiredness
  4. Weight loss
  5. Tingling or numbness of hands and/or feet
  6. Recurrent yeast infections

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