Annually, the hurricane season lasts from June to November. Jamaica, along with several other Caribbean islands and mainland territories, falls into what is commonly understood to be the Atlantic hurricane belt, meaning that these countries often experience the effects of storm systems during the hurricane season.

Some of the storms experienced by Jamaica have formed unforgettable parts of the nation’s history because of the impact they had on lives, land and infrastructure. diGJamaica has compiled a timeline of the storms that have impacted Jamaica since the practice of naming hurricanes, which started in early 1950s – all in our quest to help you ‘diG’ deeper into Jamaica’s history of hurricanes.

hurricane1

1950 Hurricane Jig

  • Heavy rains
  • Flooding in central and western parishes
  • All crops damaged, especially banana

1951 Hurricane Charlie

  • 154 deaths; 2,000 injuries
  • Over 9,000 left homeless
  • Banana, coconut, citrus crops destroyed
  • 80% of Morant Bay destroyed

1954 Hurricane Hazel

  • 32 deaths
  • Heavy rains, flooding
  • Coconut crops destroyed

1955 Hurricane Janet

  • Heavy rains for 10 days
  • Flooding

1958 Tropical Storm Gerda

  • North coast flooding

1963 Hurricane Flora

  • 11 deaths
  • $12 million worth damages
  • Heaviest rains for the century and in the Jamaica’s recorded history up to that point; flooding
  • Damage to crops, livestock and properties

1964 Hurricane Cleo

No major damage in Jamaica

1967 Hurricane Beulah

No major damage in Jamaica

1973 Tropical Storm Gilda

  • Heavy rains, severe flooding
  • Six deaths by drowning

1974 Hurricane Carmen

  • Heavy rains in the south coast
  • Banana crops damaged

1978 Hurricane David

  • Heavy rains and flooding

1980 Hurricane Allen

  • Eight deaths
  • 4,000-5,000 left homeless
  • J$200 million dollars worth of damage
  • Banana crops destroyed

1988 Hurricane Gilbert

  • 45 deaths
  • Hundreds homeless
  • US$800 million (J$2.52 billion) in damage
  • Banana crop destroyed
  • Tourism and mining industries disrupted
  • Flooding
  • Food shortage
  • Infrastructure damage

2004 Hurricane Charley

  • One death
  • $7 million damages to roads

2004 Hurricane Ivan

  • 17 deaths
  • Over 18,000 left homeless

2005 Hurricane Dennis

  • Heavy rains, flooding
  • Billions of dollars in damages

2005 Hurricane Emily

  • Heavy rains, flooding
  • Billions of dollars in damages

 

Information derived from the National Library of Jamaica and The Gleaner Archives.