#Infographic: World Parkinson’s Day 2017 – Seven Steps to 200

The year 2017 marked 200 years since Parkinson’s Disease was recognised as a medical condition. Here are seven historical facts that represent important steps taken on the 200-year medical journey since this momentous day. (See our fact sheet on Parkinson’s disease).

  1. Evidence of Parkinson’s Disease dates back to 5000 BC.
  2. In ancient Indian medical system of Ayurveda, Parkinson’s was identified as Kamparvata.
  3. In AD175, Greek physician Galen described Parkinson’s Disease as “shaking palsy”.
  4. In 1817, James Parkinson published a medical essay on what he called the “shaking palsy”, prompting its recognition as a medical condition.
  5. Sixty years after the essay’s publication, French neurologist Jean Martin Charcot, known as the ‘Father of Modern Neurology’,  studied the disease and named it after James Parkinson.
  6. In the 1960s, brain chemical imbalances were identified in Parkinson’s Disease patients. Low dopamine levels lead to nerve cell degeneration.In the 1960s, the drug Levadopa was developed to treat PD.
  7. America’s Parkinson’s Disease Foundation was established in 1957 to raise awareness, help patients and promote research on PD.