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Jamaica’s Record-Breaking IAAF World Under-20 Performances

The 2018 staging of the International Association of Athletics Federation (IAAF) World Under-20 Championships in Tampere, Finland proved to be the perfect venue for Jamaican youth to reassure the nation that its reputation as the world’s sprint capital is still very much intact. With beautiful displays of sporting prowess, they ran, jumped and threw their way to the most medals the nation has ever received at that meet.

Jamaica ended with a tally of 12 medals – four gold, five silver and three bronze – and placed second overall behind Kenya, who won the meet with six gold medals, four silver and one bronze. Here’s a breakdown of the medals, events and athletes.

Kia Chang on his way to claiming the gold medal, with a throw of 62.36m in the men’s discus throw at the IAAF World Under 20 Championships in Tampere, Finland July 2018.

Gold Medals

Athlete: Damion Thomas
Event: Men’s  110m hurdles
Winning Time: 13.16s

Athlete: Kai Chang
Event: Men’s Discus Throw
Winning Distance: 62.36m

Athlete: Briana Williams
Event: Women’s 100m
Winning Time: 11.16s

Athlete: Briana Williams
Event: Women’s 200m
Winning Time: 22.50s

World Under-20 100 metres gold medallist Briana Williams and coach Ato Boldon in Tampere, Finland 2018.

Silver Medals

Athlete: Christopher Taylor
Event: Men’s 200m
Time: 45.38s

Athlete: Orlando Bennett
Event: Men’s 110m hurdles
Time: 13.33s

Athletes: Michael Stephens, Jhevaughn Matherson, Christopher Taylor, Xavier Naire
Event: Men’s 4x100m Relay
Time: 38.96s

Athlete: Britany Anderson
Event: Women’s 100m hurdles
Time: 13.01s

Athlete: Shiann Slamon
Event: Women’s 400m hurdles
Time: 56.11s

Jamaican hurdler Britany Anderson

Bronze Medals

Athlete: Chantz Sawyers
Event: Women’s 400m
Time: 45.89s

Athlete: Wayne Pinnock
Event: Men’s Long Jump
Winning Distance: 7.90m

Athletes: Janielle Josephs, Stacy-Ann Williams, Shian Salmon, Calisha Taylor
Event: Women’s 4x400m relay
Time: 3:31:90 minutes

Sources:
IAAF World U20s 2018 Medal Tables
Best Ever Finish For Ja At World U20s

6 Things You Need To Know Today

Your news in a nutshell

  1. Ja’s best-ever finish in World U20s
  2. Ja 4th in Athletic World Cup
  3. One dead, 8 injured in Porland crash
  4. NIA warns against corruption in corporate drain-cleaning
  5. Golding pitches ganja credit union
  6. How many abortions? 6000 or 22000?

1. Ja’s best-ever finish in World U20s

Jamaica ended its sojourn at the IAAF World Under-20 Championships on a high as Calabar High School’s Kai Chang, with gold in the men’s discus; Britany Anderson, with silver in the women’s 100m hurdles; and the women’s 4x400m relay team with bronze, saw the country picking up three medals on the final day. See full story on The Gleaner’s website.

2. Ja fourth in Athletic World Cup

Jamaica had three victories on yesterday’s final day of competition at the Athletics World Cup in London, England, as Shericka Jackson, Shanieka Ricketts and Tyquendo Tracey won their respective events. Jamaica, with 153 points, ended fourth overall, as the United States, on 219 points, walked away with the Global Platinum Trophy for topping the overall standing. See full story on The Gleaner’s website.

3. One dead, 8 injured in Portland crash

One man is dead and eight persons including a child were rushed to hospital following a three-vehicle crash along Allan Avenue in Port Antonio, Portland, shortly after 9:30 p.m. yesterday. The dead man’s identity is yet to be ascertained. See full story on The Gleaner’s website.

4. NIA warns against corruption in corporate drain-cleaning

As local government authorities prepare to undertake drain cleaning activities across the Corporate Area, Professor Trevor Munroe, executive director of the National Integrity Action, has warned against corruption in the issuance of contracts. The Kingston and St Andrew Municipal Corporation (KSAMC) announced on Tuesday that drain cleaning activities were to get underway some time last week in 21 divisions, once the necessary funds had been pooled. See full story on The Gleaner’s website.

5. Golding pitches ganja credit union

Fearing backlash from foreign banking partners, local lenders are reluctant to do business with the emergent cannabis industry. Senator Mark Golding, a former minister of justice and now opposition spokesman on finance, is pitching to industry interests – those with legitimate permits – the idea of banding together as a cooperative and launching a ‘ganja credit union’. See full story on The Gleaner’s website.

6. How many abortions? 6,000 or 22,000?

With abortions being illegal in Jamaica, there is no official count on the number being done locally each year, and the estimate differs greatly, depending on which side of the divide one falls. For those in favour of legalising abortions, the number is alarmingly high, but not so for the anti-abortion supporters. See full story on The Gleaner’s website.

Documents Needed to Apply for Cayman Visas

What Do I Need To Apply For A Cayman Islands Visa?
  • A valid passport with at least 6 months validity remaining, and enough space to insert a visa. Your passport will be examined at the time of your application and relevant sections will be photocopied but it is not necessary for you to surrender your passport.
  • Two fully completed and signed application forms. Please check that you have completed the correct form – ‘Application for Cayman Islands Visa’. We cannot accept applications for Cayman Islands visas which are made on any other form.
  • Two recent passport sized colour photographs, taken on a plain white background, and glued – not stapled – to your application form
  • Job Letter
  • Bank Reference
  • Children under the age of 18 will be required to produce a birth certificate
  • Students applying for a visitors visa are required to produce evidence that they are attending school
  • The correct fee (USD $112.20) in the form of a bank draft, payable to the Cayman Islands Government.
  • Police Record (persons under the age of 18 will not be required to obtain a police record)
Who Should I Contact With My Enquiries?
If you have not received a decision after four weeks, you may contact the Cayman Islands Visa Office in Jamaica. But you should note that the Cayman Islands Visa Office in Jamaica is not involved in the decision making process.
It helps the Caymanian authorities to assess your application if you can show evidence of your personal circumstances, which may include bank statements, evidence of assets or employment. All documents must be originals. They will be photocopied and returned to you.

Possible Delays in the Divorce Process

In some cases, one party to the divorce may not be ready to ‘throw in the towel’. In such cases, the divorce may be contested. It is then likely to take longer for a date to be fixed for the hearing and the petitioner may have to prove all the facts set out in the petition, including the fact of separation and that there is no possibility of resuming cohabitation. These situations do not occur frequently.

Possible Delays for a Divorce

1. The registrar of the Supreme Court vets and corrects each and every petition for dissolution of marriage before it is signed and returned to the attorney for service on the respondent. This process could take as little as three weeks or as long as eight weeks.

2. If there are errors in the petition, the registrar will notify the attorney so that the errors can be corrected and the petition resubmitted for signing. The time period for the completion of this process cannot be easily determined, as the petition could then go to the back of the queue before it can get signed.

3. When the application for the first order in the divorce proceedings (decree nisi) is filed, there is no formula for determining when it will be submitted to a judge for consideration. It could take as long as three months for the documents to reach the hands of a Judge. Some attorneys have resorted to having the matters heard in open court rather than waiting for them to be considered on paper.

Obtain A Divorce In Jamaica

In 2015, we learned that Jamaica’s divorce rate has increased while its marriage rate has decreased. At the time of publication in January, there were 600 divorce petitions currently before the Supreme Court. But how does the process work?

“Divorce or the dissolution of a marriage, refers to the final and legal termination of a marital union. Divorce invalidates the legal duties and responsibilities associated with marriage between the parties. Where children and property are involved, the divorce process can include issues relating to spousal support, child support and custody, the distribution of property and the division of debt.” – Assamba Law.

Who Is Eligible For A Divorce?

To qualify to make an application for divorce in Jamaica, the petitioner must be either:

  • A Jamaican national
  • Domiciled in Jamaica at the commencement of the proceedings
  • Resides in Jamaica and had done so for at least 12 months immediately preceding the commencement of the proceedings.

Grounds For Divorce In Jamaica

Petitioners are not required to outline the circumstances leading to the breakdown in the relationship. Irretrievable breakdown of the marriage is the only grounds for accessing divorce in Jamaica and this is determined by the court. However, the court is obliged to enquire whether the parties have attempted counselling and whether there is any possibility of reconciliation.

The Process

  • Separation – The court will be satisfied that the parties have separated for a continuous period of 12 months even if they resumed cohabitation for an insubstantial time for up to three months in an attempt to reconcile during that 12-month period. The 12-month period would not have been interrupted in spite of such an attempt.
  • Getting An Attorney – Under the new Civil Procedure Rules, divorce can be sought without an attorney, however it is advisable to get the assistance of an attorney or visit the Legal Aid Clinic for assistance.
  • Filing for divorce – This three-step process includes filing the petition, applying for decree nisi, and applying for decree absolute.

Read More About The Process
Possible Delays in the Process

Resources From The Gleaner

Here are some useful links to FAQs about divorce in Jamaica

The Divorce Process

Separation

The court will be satisfied that the parties have separated for a continuous period of 12 months even if they resumed cohabitation for an insubstantial time for up to three months in an attempt to reconcile during that 12-month period. The 12-month period would not have been interrupted in spite of such an attempt. The parties could still be viewed as separated if they continue to cohabit in the same dwelling. This could be considered, for example, if one of the partners has removed from the matrimonial bedroom into another bedroom in the home, ceases to engage in sexual relations, or ceases to carry out household duties such as washing, cleaning or cooking on their spouse’s behalf.

Getting An Attorney

Under the new Civil Procedure Rules, divorce can be sought without an attorney, however it is advisable to get the assistance of an attorney or visit the Legal Aid Clinic for assistance.

Lawyers can provide support by:

  • Drafting the divorce petition
  • Obtaining the marriage certificate
  • Lodging the petition in court
  • Serving the petition on the respondent
  • Drafting documents outlining the plans for the care, maintenance and support of children
  • Requesting that the divorce be granted without a hearing
  • Negotiating for the settlement of property

Filing For Divorce

Step 1 – Filing the Petition

Once filed, the petition is not immediately returned to the attorney for service on the respondent. The first delay occurs due to the insertion of a step which, although not stipulated by the Matrimonial Proceedings Rules, requires the court’s registrar to vet the petition before signing and stamping. Even where there are no errors in the documents, the petition may take an average of one month to be signed. It could take longer, if an error is noted, which would involve the petition being refiled.

Step 2 – Applying for Decree Nisi

Fourteen days after the petition has been served on the respondent (in Jamaica), who raises no challenge to the divorce proceedings, the petitioner may submit an application to obtain the first order in the divorce proceedings – the decree nisiThe application is supposed to be submitted to a judge to be considered without the need for a hearing. What seems like a simple process in theory, could result in an average of six months before the application is placed before a judge.

Step 3 – Applying for Decree Absolute

Six weeks after decree nisi is granted, the petitioner may apply for the final order in the divorce proceedings (decree absolute). This, too, is an application which goes before the judge for consideration without the need for a hearing. It could take upwards of two months for the application to be placed before the judge.

If the couple has been married for less than two years there are some changes to the process that must be considered.

The affidavit in support of the application for permission to file a petition within the first two years of marriage must:

  • Provide proof of the marriage (e.g. a copy of the marriage certificate)
  • State the special circumstances which justify the hearing of the petition
  • Give particulars of any attempted reconciliation (an affidavit from the marriage counsellor would be helpful)
  • State whether there is a reasonable likelihood of a reconciliation
  • State whether there are any children, their names, ages, dates of birth and the arrangements for their care, maintenance and upbringing; and
  • Exhibit a copy of the proposed petition.

Drug Terms You Should Know

Here is a list of terms that you should become familiar with, a more complete list can be found here.

Abuse – Excessive use of a substance in a way it was not meant to be used or not as prescribed.

Addiction – A behavioral syndrome characterized by the repeated, compulsive seeking or use of a substance despite adverse social, psychological, and/or physical consequences, and a need for an increased amount of the substance, as time goes on, to achieve the same effect. Addiction is often (but not always) accompanied by physical dependence, a withdrawal syndrome, and tolerance.

Detox – The metabolic process by which the toxic qualities of a poison or toxin are reduced by the body.

Dopamine – Dopamine is a chemical naturally produced in the body. In the brain, dopamine functions as a neurotransmitter which provides feelings of euphoria and well being. Drugs cause a surge in levels of dopamine, which results in feelings of pleasure.

Relapse – A relapse occurs when a person is affected again by a condition that affected them in the past. This could be a medical condition such as depression, bipolar disorder, cancer or an addiction to a drug.

Remission – A period of time in which the signs and symptoms of the addiction have disappeared.

Withdrawal – Withdrawal syndrome consists of a predictable group of signs and symptoms resulting from abrupt removal of, or a rapid decrease in, the regular dosage of a psychoactive substance.

How To Prevent Drug Abuse

“An ounce of prevention is better than a pound of cure”- Benjamin Franklin

Given its aggressively destructive nature, it is often better if persons do not become entangled in substance abuse of any kind. Some may argue that the decision to abuse drugs or other substances is an individual’s decision, so how can one prevent someone from becoming hooked on drugs?

Narconon International says that “young people must feel that the risks of using drugs far outweigh what they see as the benefits.” Drug education must fill this void with accurate information about the risks of drug use, presented in a believable manner.

The main appeal of drug use is the perception that it will solve problems or allow the user to escape reality. The problems could be shyness or inability to fit in, stress of social, school or family situations, boredom or lack of adventure or excitement. Proper preventative drug education must offer an alternative to the escape offered by illicit drug use.

The US-based National Institute on Drug Abuse lists the principles that should be included in a successful prevention programme.

How To Detect Signs/Symptoms of Drug Abuse

Discovering that a loved one has an addiction is never easy. All at once decisions have to be made about how to deal with the barrage of medical and psychological challenges that the addict faces on a daily basis. One of the first things that persons can do is learn the signs and symptoms of substance abuse so they can take the first step to helping their friend or family member onto the path of recovery.

Each drug has its own unique manifestations but there are some general indications that a person is using drugs:

  • Sudden change in behavior
  • Mood swings; irritable and grumpy and then suddenly happy and bright
  • Withdrawal from family members
  • Careless about personal grooming
  • Loss of interest in hobbies, sports, and other favorite activities
  • Changed sleeping pattern; up at night and sleeps during the day
  • Red or glassy eyes
  • Sniffly or runny nose

Click here for a more detailed list of the effects of drug abuse.

Very often an addicted person will initially refuse to consider rehabilitation and the family may be disappointed that they cannot help. Enlisting professional help can provide the assistance you need to achieve your goal of sobriety for the addicted person.

To Help A Drug Addict

One of the most challenging aspects of addiction is the fact that most addicts will not acknowledge that they have a problem and as a result refuse help. Very often an addicted person will know that they need help but are unable to break free from their cravings long enough to help themselves.

According to Narconon International, a US-based non-profit public benefit organization dedicated to eliminating drug abuse, an addict is more likely to discuss their habit after a major life altering event such as getting arrested, being kicked out of their home, the loss of a job or separation from their family. Persons seeking to help addicted persons are urged to seize this opportunity before cravings and the pressures of their environment set in.

There are signs that persons can use to determine if their loved one needs to be enrolled at a residential drug abuse programme, or rehab. These include but are not limited to:

  • Inability to stop drug use despite promises to quit, cut back or wean themselves off
  • Drug use is damaging the persons work relationships, school or other parts of life
  • Neglect of family and personal needs, such as personal grooming and proper nutrition

For referrals to treatment programs in Jamaica, call 1-888-991-4244, or visit the National Council on Drug Abuse at 2-6 Melmac Avenue.

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